THE CLIMATE IN MONGOLIA: If you are planning to travel in Mongolia, one of the important things to do is considering the weather and climate. The following information will help you plan your trip. Mongolia has 4 seasons and they are very different. Winter lasts from November to February, spring from March to mid-May, summer from mid-May till late August, and autumn is in September and October. The cold weather in the north can last a month or two longer than the Gobi areas. So pack your woolens if you trotting here. Mongolia can experience four seasons in a day. With more than 260 sunny days a year, Mongolia is known as the 'Land of the Blue Sky'. Mongolia experiences extreme continental climate; it is so far inland that no sea tempers its climate. As you travel in Mongolia, keep the climate in mind.
Right time to travel is in mid-May. Early May can still see snowfall, especially in the north and western. June weather is good and usually dry throughout the central and southern regions. The Altai mountains and northern areas can be cold. July is the time to see the Naadam Festival. This is also the peak tourist season. It's a decent time to look for travel partners and get out of the city. Gobi temperatures this month can rise up to 40°C and Western Mongolia temperatures is 28°C.
The cold season is between November and February. The harsh weather condition with snow storms and freezing cold wind in Mongolia is called zud. Sometimes the temperature drops down to -40°C. When the weather is stable and nice, attending the Ice Festival, Camel Festival, Tsagaan Sar (Lunar New Year) and Hunting with Eagle will be an amazing experience. You will also get to feel how real Mongolians survive the cold winters. Mongolians, especially nomads, contemplate March and April as the worst months. If the spring is harsh, staying with a nomad family at this time is not recommended.
This is one of the best times to travel in Mongolia. September is another okay month. The cool weather brings respite to the Gobi and the varying colours in the forests in the Western Mongolia are beautiful. October is again cool and sees the occasional or rare snow bustle up Western Mongolia but is still fine for travel, especially in the Gobi desert. Weather patterns at this time are unpredictable. You never know one moment you're walking in a T-shirt, the next you need an overcoat and boots, and then you are back to T-shirts. October is the time to see the Golden Eagle Festival.
In spring when unpredictable weather creates snowstorms intermixed with spells of wind and sun, keep in mind that the wind-chill factor: a 10-knot wind can make 0°C feel like -5°C. The maximum rainfalls occur in the taiga areas beside the northern border, especially Altai mauntains, Khentii and Khovsgol. Humidity is generally zero and sunshine is intense. Attending the Nauryz Festival and Hunting with Eagle will be an amazing experience.
Mongolian festivals take place throughout the year and are mostly celebrations of Mongolian Culture. Here are some of our favourite Mongolian festivals and celebrations.
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