Khentii, Eastern Mongolia is the birthplace of the Great Emperor Chinggis Khaan. It is situated in a region of great natural beauty, yet only a day’s (331 km) drive from the capital city Ulaanbaatar. It borders in the north with the Russian Federation.
Genghis Khan’s birthplace- Temuujin (Genghis Khan) was the founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire, which became the largest contiguous empire in history after his demise. He came to power by uniting many of the nomadic tribes of northeast Asia. After founding the Mongol Empire and being proclaimed “Genghis Khan,” he started the Mongol invasions that resulted in the conquest of most of Eurasia.
Highlights: There are many monuments and historical places involved with Genghis Khan, Baldan bereeven Monastery…
Dadal – the birthplace of Genghis Khan – Temuujin (Genghis Khan) was born into the family of Yesugei Baatar in 1162 at a place called Deluun Boldog by the Onon river in Dadal soum of Khentii aimag. Beginning from 1185, Temuujin directed a military campaign to unite the Mongolian people, which was at that time divided into more than 80 feuding ethnic clans. Finally in 1206 the Great Mongol Empire was established and Temuujin was declared Genghis Khan which meant “Great Khaan”.
There are two monuments dedicated to Genghis Khan. One is a large rock in Deluun Boldog with an inscription in old Mongol script marking the birthplace of the Great Khaan. The other monument was inaugurated in 1962 to commemorate the 800th anniversary of Genghis Khan’s birth. It is a life-size figure of Genghis Khan carved on a white stone in the shape of mountain peaks engraved with old Mongol script.
Khan Khentii Mountain National Park is one of the Mongolian natural and historical treasures, declared by UNESCO as world heritage site.
This area is belongs to the native land of Genghis Khan and contains many important historical and cultural sites. Khan Khentii is covered with forests, taiga, and mountain forest steppe. The park’s most spectacular features are its huge granite blocks, extraordinary view and cliffs as well as meadows rich in wild flowers. This place is very suitable for hiking, fishing, and exploring wildlife.
Baldan Breeven Monastery is located in small but beautiful valley in the Khan Khentii Mountains, 300 km northeast from Ulaanbaatar. The history of the monastery began in the late 1700s, when His Lofty Noble Holiness Zanabazar sent a group of monks to find a suitable place to establish a monastery in the east of the country. In their search the monks discovered a valley in an extraordinary geographical position, with auspicious omens such as rocks shaped in the form of powerful animals.
Construction of the monastery was completed in the 1780s and it became the Buddhist center of the east. Besides that, local people believed that the monastery was the holiest place in the world to go to for a pilgrimage to purify oneself from evil deeds. The monastery was completely destroyed during the 1930s and later reconstructed.
This beautiful small lake as named Blue Lake (Khokh Nuur) is situated in Khan Khentii National Park and surrounded forested Mountains. The lake is involved with Chinggis Khan’s history, beginning in 1185, Temujin directed a military campaign to unite the Mongolian people, which at the time were divided into more than 80 ethnic clans. In 1189 at ‘Black Heart Blue Lake’ he was chosen by his peers to become king of all Mongols and was given the title “Chinggis (Genghis) Khaan.”
Except for the Khentiin Nuruu Mountain Range and some forests surrounding it, eastern Mongolia is pure steppe plain. There is some stunning scenery, and it is one of the world’s last great undisturbed grasslands. The most famous and plainest steppe in the country is the far eastern part named Menengyn Tal /Menen steppe/.
The area is almost uninhabited by people, but home to some of the largest herds of gazelle left on earth. Also, there is one of the world’s last undisturbed grasslands, named as the ‘strictly protected areas’ of Mongol Daguur, Dornod Mongolyn Tal Steppe and Nomrog Region.
Mongol Daguur is a steppe and wetland region in Mongolia listed as a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve and Ramsar Site of International Importance.
Mongol Daguur’s steppe and wetlands territory mainly consists of low-mountainous landscapes that support a variety of fauna and flora species. The biosphere reserve provides nesting and breeding grounds for globally endangered species such as the White-naped Crane, while also serving as a migratory stopover site for many rare and endangered species.
Menen Steppe – The biggest plain area of Mongolia is Menen steppe located in Dornod province. The steppe is located in the west of Buir Lake and is over 90 km long and over 60 km wide. This is the big steppe in the world which has kept its native land and there are a plenty of pasture plants, antelopes, wolves as well as rare animals. Usually Mongolian antelopes graze and hundreds of them flock and pass winter here. You can see the beauty of the steppe where the perennial, nutritious and segmented grass swings in the Menen steppe. You will feel to exclaim what a grass sea. The eastern region aimags are the home to Mongolian antelopes which have now become very rare in the world. The halves of the antelopes out of three millions in Mongolia flock only in Dornod province. It is impossible to separate native feather grass, huge flock of antelopes and famous Menen Steppe.
The site is situated in the north-east of the country in the central part of the Khentii mountain chain where the vast Central Asian steppe meets the coniferous forests of the Siberian taiga. The mountain or its locality is believed to be the birthplace of Genghis Khan as well as the location of his tomb. The Mountain was registered as aUNESCO World Heritage Site on 4 July 2015 under the title “Great Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and its surrounding sacred landscape.” Under a Presidential Decree of 1955 the worship of this mountain has become formal. Its ecosystem is complex with unique biodiversity with flora of the Central Asian steppe. It has 50 species of fauna and 253 species of birds.
According to the legend, Chinggis Khan went to pray for guidance to the top of the mountain before going into battle. This mountain is rich in archaeological history, with over 800 burial sites identified by archaeologists. The mountain is located in the 1,2-million-hectare Khan Khentii Strict Protected Area established in 1992. This mountain is considered the most sacred mountain in Mongolia, because it was first designated as sacred by Chinggis khaan.