Blue lake Khar Zurkh

This lake is situated near Tsenkher River 35km north from the main road in eastern region and northwest from Tsenkhermandal Soum, Khentii Aimag. The full name of the lake is the Blue Lake of Black Heart. Black Heart is the pointed topped mountain on the north side of the lake. A fresh watered Lake Khukh which consists of 2 lakes, linked underground, is located on south of Mount Khar zurkh 1675m above sea level. 
Area around the lake is a place of natural beauty surrounded by a mountain and is abundant of various species of animal and vegetation. Blue Lake is a very important place in Mongolian history particularly of Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan). In this place Temuujin was enthroned as a king of united tribes of Mongolia and titled as “Genghis khan” which means Oceanic great king in 1189. In the Secret History of Mongols, a chronicle book of Genghis khan’s life, place names such as Lake Khukh, Mount Kharzurkh and Sengur Gorkhi were mentioned. On a bank of the lake there is a monument dedicated to 840 years’ birth anniversary of Genghis khan and in a crescent-shaped area with a diameter of 108m surrounding the monument, woodcrafts of 36 royal or golden lineage kings were placed. On the central part of this establishment woodcrafts of Genghis khan, his father Esukhei, mother Oulen and his queen Borte Ujin were posed. Boards with deeds’ inscription of a particular king along with specific events of that period in English and Mongolian are in front of the kings’ woodcrafts. This memorial complex consists of 50 woodcrafts including 9 marshals of Genghis khan placed at two sides of the main gate.  The surrounding area of Khukh Nuur is quiet, peaceful and wonderful for hiking & relaxation.

Geography

This freshwater blue lake is supplied by two underground springs. It’s located at the foot of Mountain Kharzurkh, “black heart”, 1675 metres (1,04 mile) above the sea level. The lake is surrounded by a lovely area made of verdant forests, a varied flora and important fauna.

History

The lake is one of the most important places of Mongolian history : here, in 1189, Temuujin was crowned and became Genghis Khan, “the great king ocean” who unified the different nomads tribes in 1206. In the book “the Secret History of Mongols”, that concentrates many chronicles about the life of Genghis Khan, the names of the places “Khukh Nuur” and Mount “Kharzurkh” are actually mentioned.

On the banks of the lake, you’ll see a monument dedicated to the birth of Genghis Khan(1162). Around this monument, on an arc of circle that has a diameter of 108 metres (354,33 feet), 36 wooden statues representing the different kings of the lineage of Genghis Khan have been erected. In the centre of this arc, you can admire the statues of his father Esukhei, of his mother Oulen, and the statue of Queen Borte.

On the two sides of the door, you can also see nine statues of Genghis Khan’s generals.

In total, it’s no less than 50 wooden statues that form the memorial.

At the foot of each statue of king, some signs in Mongolian and in English will give you information about the history of the statue and the events in which it’s supposed to have taken part.